What is Hypertension
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What is Hypertension

Hypertension is also called high blood pressure.

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. This is caused when the small arteries are blocked or obstructed so that blood flow will become abnormal. The blockage will cause the right side of the heart to malfunction and fail to pump enough blood into our lungs for use of our body. In this case, it causes heart failure. Sometimes hypertension can lead to heart attack and death.

There are two kinds of Pulmonary Hypertension:

1. Primary Pulmonary Hypertension - which is a condition that is inherited or it occurs for no known reason.

2. Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension - which occurs because of another condition such as chronic heart or lung disease, blood clots in lungs or kidney disease.

Signs and symptoms:

1. shortness of breath

2. dizziness

3. fatigue

4. headaches

5. blurred vision

6. insomnia or difficulty sleeping

7. flushed face

How to avoid hypertension:

1. Choose your diet.

-Take more vegetables and fruits everyday. Lessen your cholesterol by substituting animal fats with vegetable oil. Don't eat meat as they give you more cholesterol. Substitute your meat with dried legumes to provide the protein needed by the body.

2. Reduce weight.

-Overweight and obese people are more susceptible to hypertension. Maintain a proper diet to avoid becoming overweight.

3. Exercise.

-A good exercise a day keeps the doctor away. Go jogging or brisk walking in the morning. Attend classes on how to maintain your health and body fitness through exercise.

4. Quit smoking and alcohol.

-Smoking and alcohol do not cause heart attack but increase the risk of having an attack. Substitute alcohol with lots of fruit juices and water.

5. Lessen salt intake.

-Too much salt may contribute to hypertension.

Treatment:

-According to research, there is still no known cure of hypertension except prevention and treatment. It is therefore right to say that the treatment aims to lessen the risk of attack among hypertension patients.

1. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors - good choice for people with diabetes

2. Prostacylin - Gicen as continuous intravenous infusion

3. Treprostinil - Given as continuous infusion under the skin

4. Bosentan - Pill used to help reverse the effect of endothelin, the substance in blood vessels that causes vessels to constrict.

5. Anticoagulants - Prevent blood from clotting

6. Diuretics - Help to remove excess fluid from body tissues which may accumulate due to high blood pressure in blood vessels.

More and more medicines and other kinds of treatment are being studied to lessen the risk of heart attack in hypertension patients but take caution for sometimes the treatment may have side effects.

Make reference to the above and focus on the medicines being prescribed to the patient so as not to endanger the life of the patient.

 

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Comments (1)

Great piece of information, Nicole!

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